91128 Infectious and Communicable Diseases

Course Description

This course provides the Instruction in the theory of the pathogenesis of clinically important microorganisms, gives the students detailed knowledge of infectious/communicable diseases, types of infectious diseases, clinical features, management, control and their prevention in any health care setting including: introduction to infectious/ communicable diseases, principle of infection and prevention control , contact diseases, Respiratory tract infections, Genito-urinary tract infections, parasitic diseases, emerging and reemerging diseases, gastrointestinal infections, Hepatitis and Fungal infections . Vector-borne diseases, zoonotic diseases and neglected diseases are also emphasized

Learning Objective

  • At the end of the course the student should be able to:
  • 1. Describe infectious and communicable diseases
  • 2. Describe the epidemiology of common communicable diseases.
  • 3. Describe the epidemiology of common non-communicable diseases.
  • 4. Describe the steps involved in investigating an epidemic.
  • 5. Plan and investigate an epidemic of a communicable disease in a hospital/ community setting, and institute control measures.
  • 6. Describe the immunization schedule and side effects of the immunizing agents.
  • 7. Immunize a child.
  • 8. Describe the cold chain and the importance of maintaining the cold chain.
  • 9. Explain relationships and apply appropriate terminology relating to the structure, metabolism, genetics, and ecology of prokaryotic microorganisms, eukaryotic microorganisms, and viruses.
  • 10. Explain interactions between opportunistic and pathogenic microorganisms and susceptible hosts in contacts that result in infection and/or disease and apply these interactions to disease symptoms.
  • 11. Explain innate and adaptive immune responses and apply this understanding to the infectious disease process as well as the prevention and control of infectious diseases.
  • 12. Explain principles of physical and chemical methods used in the control of microorganisms and apply this understanding to the prevention and control of infectious diseases.
  • 13. Analyze and distinguish therapeutic treatments for microbial infections, and distinguish when a vaccine, antibiotic, or other therapy is likely to be the most appropriate response.
  • 14. Specify the role of ecology and evolution in the spread of infectious diseases, comparing the role of transmission, population size and susceptibility, and virulence in endemic disease, epidemic disease, emerging diseases, and bioterrorism
  • 15. Develop the ability to work both independently and with others in teams and study groups.



Books for this Course

  • Commincable disease. fourth edition by AMREF
  • Texbook of Medical Microbiology - Arora and Arora
  • Medical Microbiology and Immunology by Levinson and Jawetz, 9th Ed., Mc Graw-Hill
  • Public health & preventive medicine -Maxcy-rosenau
  • Preveaive& community medicine – Clark
  • Parks text book of preventive & social medicine - K. Park
  • EshuisManschot, 1978, Communicable Diseases: A Manual for Rural Health Workers, African Medical and Research Association, Nairobi.

Times Offered

  • September 2014
  • January 2015