91121 Gastro/nutrition/metabolism and renal

Course Description

This course introduces students to major concepts and principles of Gastrointestinal/Nutrition / Metabolism and renal. including : structure and functional anatomy of each GIT organ , neuronal mechanisms and GIT hormones regulate gastrointestinal, pancreatic, and biliary functions, major types of nutrients, proteins, carbohydrates, and fats are digested and absorbed, major disease processes including neoplasm's and malabsorption conditions affecting different organs of GIT in terms of pathogenesis, gross and microscopic changes, manifestations, and complications, various bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitic infections affecting GIT, the principle manifestations, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of each individual microorganism and parasitic agent affecting GIT.

Learning Objective

  • 1. Describe the gross structure and functional anatomy of each GIT organ.
  • 2. Recognize the microscopic appearance of different parts of the GIT and the normal embryology development with their congenital abnormalities.
  • 3. Describe the function of each GIT structure.
  • 4. Explain how neuronal mechanisms and GIT hormones regulate gastrointestinal, pancreatic, and biliary functions.
  • 5. Describe the major types of nutrients.
  • 6. Explain how proteins, carbohydrates, and fats are digested and absorbed.
  • 7. Identify and describe the major disease processes including neoplasm's and malabsorption conditions affecting different organs of GIT in terms of pathogenesis, gross and microscopic changes, manifestations, and complications.
  • 8. Identify various bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitic infections affecting GIT, and describe the principle manifestations, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of each individual microorganism and parasitic agent affecting GIT.
  • 9. Describe the mechanisms of action, pharmacokinetics, indications, and adverse effects of commonly used drugs in the treatment of GIT disorders (vomiting, peptic ulcer disease, constipation, and diarrhea).
  • 10. Describe the essential nutritional requirement, body weight and energy balance, nutritional deficiencies, and disease processes associated with diet.
  • 11. Understand the clinical differences in the toxic effect of drugs on the liver and the management of some important cases of drug induced liver injury.

Credits

    3

Books for this Course

  • (1) Grays anatomy for students, Drake,Vogl, Mitchell
  • (2) Clinical Anatomy for Medical Students. By R. S. Snell, latest edition.
  • (3) Grants Atlas of Anatomy or any other Atlas of Human Anatomy.
  • (4) Basic Histology. By L. Carlos Junqueira, latest edition.
  • (5) Before we are born. By K. L. Morre and T. V. N. Persuade, latest edition.
  • (6) Langman’s medical embryology
  • (7) Color textbook of histology Gartner and Hiatt
  • (8) Textbook of Medical physiology. By Guyton and Hall, 11th edition 2005.
  • (9) Review of medical physiology. By WF Ganong 24th edition 2009..
  • (10) Delvin: Textbook of Biochemistry with Clinical correlations.
  • (11) Basic Pathology. By Kumar, Cotran and Robbins, latest edition.
  • (12) Medical Microbiology. An Introduction to Infectious Diseases. By Sheries, latest edition.
  • (13) Textbook: Lippincott’s Illustrated Reviews Pharmacology by Richard Harvey and Pamela Champe, 4Th Edition, 2009 Reference Books:
  • (14) The pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics Goodman and Gilman 11th Edition 2006.
  • (15) Basis and Clinical Pharmacology B.G. Katzung 10th Edition 2007.
  • (16) Pharmacology Rang, Dale, Ritter and Moore 6th Edition 2007

Faculty

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