91103 Human anatomy (1)

Course Description

Course description The course will cover the basic Gross Anatomy which comprises descriptive Anatomic terms - Terms Related to Position, Terms Related to Movement and Basic Structures such as Skin and Fasciae, Muscle, Joints, Ligaments, Bursae, Synovial Sheath, Blood Vessels, Membranes, Bone, Cartilage. It also emphasis the study of : Skeletal system-bones:- Axial skeleton, appendicular skeleton, Functions of bone, Classification on the basis of shape, development, region /structure, General concepts of development & ossification of bones, Parts of young bone, Blood supply, Properties of bones and cartilages, applied aspects. Joints:- Structural classification, Regional classification, Functional classification, Characteristics and classification of Synovial joints, Movements of Synovial joints, Anatomy of joints with reference to dislocation, sprain and inflammation, Muscles:- Parts of a muscle, Classification, Blood supply and nerve supply of muscle, neuromuscular junction, applied anatomy of muscle with reference to spasm, paralysis, atrophy and regeneration. Digestive system: - Divisions of the GIT, Oral cavity and pharynx, Esophagus and stomach, the intestinal tract, Rectum and anal canal and Liver, pancreas and spleen. Urinary system:- anatomy of the kidney, ureter, urinary bladder and Urethra
Students will learn detailed concepts of morphology and relationships of structures in the thorax wall, thoracic cavity, abdominal wall and abdominal cavity

Learning Objective

  • At the end of the course, the student should be able to: 1. Define anatomy and Comprehend the normal disposition, inter-relationships, gross, functional and applied anatomy of the various structures in the body.
  • 2. Identify the microscopic structures of various tissues, and organs in the human body and correlate the structure with the functions as a prerequisite for understanding the altered state in various disease processes.
  • 3. Identify different types of cells and describe their functions.
  • 4. Identify the organelles of a typical cell and describe their functions.
  • 5. Describe the structure and functions of the plasma membrane and how substances cross the plasma membrane.
  • 6. Describe the process of osmosis and cellular respiration.
  • 7. Explain how DNA is used to synthesize proteins and how the process of replication allows cells to multiply.
  • 8. Describe the cell life cycle and the processes of mitosis and meiosis.
  • 9. Identify the major tissue types and locate examples of each in the body.
  • 10. Describe the structure and locations of muscle tissue, nervous tissue and the process of tissue repair
  • 11. Identify the major components of the integumentary system and describe their functions.
  • 12. Identify the major structures of the skin and describe their functions and the four types of epidermal cells and describe their functions.
  • 13. Describe the role of dermal circulation and how vitamin D is synthesized.
  • 14. Describe the sensory innervation of the skin and the structure, functions, and growth process of hair, nails mammary glands are considered specialized integumentary glands and explain why scarring occurs.
  • 15. Identify the structure of Bones, Bone Tissue, Axial Skeleton, Appendicular Skeleton, Joint and describe their functions
  • 16. Identify the major components of the skeletal system and describe their functions.
  • 17. Identify the major types of bone cells and describe their functions and describe the structure/ function of compact and spongy bone tissue and the role of calcium in the skeletal system.
  • 18. Identify the three types of muscle and describe the muscular system’s function and describe the location and function of skeletal muscles.
  • 19. Locate and identify smooth muscle in the body and identify the blood vessels and conduction system that supply and innervate cardiac muscle.
  • 20. Locate, identify, and describe the functions of the following muscles or muscle groups or processes: ( Facial expression, Extrinsic eye, Mastication, Tongue, Suprahyoid, Infrahyoid, Vertebral column, Abdomen, Pelvis, Diaphragm/intercostals, Shoulder girdle, Arm, Rotator, cuff, Elbow flexors and extensors, Forearm pronators/supinators,Wrist/hand flexors and extensors, Thenar, hypothenar, midpalmar, Iliopsoas, Gluteal, Lateral rotators, Anterior thigh, Medial, thigh, Posterior thigh, Anterior lower leg, Lateral lower leg, Posterior lower leg, Foot, dorsum, Foot, plantar layers)
  • 21. Identify the major components of the digestive system and describe their functions.
  • 22. Describe the overall structure, sections, and layers of the alimentary canal
  • 23. Describe the components and functions of major digestive juices and explain where they are produced.
  • 24. Explain how oral cavity structures contribute to the digestive process.
  • 25. Locate and identify the upper/ lower arches of teeth and the five types of teeth and describe each type’s function.
  • 26. Identify the major components of the urinary system and describe their functions.
  • 27. Describe the anatomical differences between the male and female urinary systems.
  • 28. Describe the position of the kidneys relative to other anatomical structures and identify structures of the kidneys and describe their functions.
  • 29. Locate and identify blood vessels that supply the kidneys and describe the path of blood flow through the nephron.
  • 30. Describe the location, structure, and function of a nephron and the process of glomerular filtration.
  • 31. Locate and identify the structures involved in urine storage and elimination, and trace the pathway of urine from the kidneys out of the body and also describe the position of the bladder relative to other structures in the male and female and also describe the process of micturition.



Books for this Course

  • • Principles of Human Anatomy.By: Gerard J Tortora .11th.edition
  • • Gray’s Anatomy by Prof. Susan Standring 39th Ed., Elsevier.
  • • BRS_Cell_Biology_and_Histology 4th Edition Leslie P.Gartiner , JameL Hiatt ,Judy M.Strum
  • • Clinically oriented Anatomy , 5th edition keith , Dalley
  • • Atlas of human anatomy, Grants. 10th. Edition

Times Offered

  • September 2014
  • January 2015