51122 Anatomy & Physiology (3)
Course Descriptionthe main purpose of this course is to enable a student understand the main anatomical structure and the physiological functioning of human body, its systems and organs. It also gives a brief introduction on the common disorders. Including: (Skeletal System; Muscular System; Nervous system; Endocrine system and Reproductive System)
- At the end of the course is to enable the student the main anatomical structure and the physiological functioning of human body and the brief introduction of common disorders of the:-
- Skeletal System
- 1. Identify the structures and describe the five functions of the skeletal system
- 2. Distinguish between long bones, short bones, flat bones, and irregular bones and provide an example of each
- 3. Identify the parts of a typical long bone
- 4. Describe the inorganic and organic components of bone tissue, and distinguish between the three types of bone cells on the basis of their function.
- 5. Describe the microscopic structure of compact bone, and compare it with that of spongy bone
- 6. Explain the process by which intramembranous bones are formed.
- 7. Describe how endochondral bones are formed from cartilage.
- 8. Describe the process of bone growth in length and width.
- 9. Define the role of one remodeling in maintaining homeostasis.
- Muscular system
- 1. Describe the structure of a skeletal muscle and Name the major parts of a skeletal muscle fiber and describe the functions of each.
- 2. Describe the neural control of skeletal muscle contraction and Identify the major events of skeletal muscle fiber contraction
- 3. Explain how various types of muscular contractions produce body movements and help maintain posture and Distinguish between fast and slow twitch muscle fibers and also between the structures and functions of multiunit smooth muscle and visceral smooth muscle.
- 4. Explain how the attachments, locations, and interactions of skeletal muscles make possible certain movements. Identify and locate the skeletal muscles of each body region and describe the action(s) of each muscle.
- Nervous system
- 1. Describe the organization and functions of the nervous system.
- 2. Describe the structure and functions of neurons and neuroglia.
- 3. Explain how an impulse is conducted along the length of a neuron.
- 4. List and describe the three layers of meninges around the central nervous system
- 5. Identify the major regions of the brain and describe the function of each.
- 6. Explain the function of cerebrospinal fluid.
- 7. Describe the structure and functions of the spinal cord
- 8. Describe the structure of a nerve and List the 12 cranial nerves and state the function of each.
- 9. Identify the region of the body supplied by the following spinal nerve plexuses cervical, brachial, lumbosacral
- 10. Explain the difference between the sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions of the autonomic nervous system
- Endocrine system
- 1. Define endocrine gland and hormone and target hormone organ.
- 2. Explain why the pituitary gland is the master gland.
- 3. Describe the function of the following pituitary hormones: GH, Prolactin, TSH, ACTH, FSH, LH, ADH and Oxytocin
- 4. Describe the location of the thyroid gland and Name the mineral needed for making thyroid hormone.
- 5. Describe the function of thyroid hormone and the location of the adrenal glands
- 6. Name the inner portion of the adrenal gland and the hormones released and their functions.
- 7. Name the outer portion of the adrenal gland and describe the function of cortisol.
- 8. Describe the function of aldosterone and its target organ and the location of the pancreas.
- 9. Describe the function and controls of insulin release.
- 10. Describe the signs of Diabetes Mellitus. Name the hormone that is lacking in Diabetes Mellitus Type I.
- Reproducctive system
- 1. The location, structure, and function of the glands, organs, and ducts of the male reproductive system
- 2. The location, structure, and function of the glands, organs, and ducts of the female reproductive system
- 3. The major male and female sexual hormones and their roles
- 4. The three phases of the female menstrual cycle
- 5. Anatomy and function of the mammary glands
- 6. Trimesters of pregnancy
- 7. Three stages of labor
- 8. Common infections of the male and female reproductive system
- 9. Neoplasms of the male and female reproductive system
- 10. Congenital anomalies of the male and female reproductive system
- 11. Other disorders of the male and female reproductive system
Books for this Course
- Anatomy & Phsyiology (2) notes , Alas Hassan. & Walid (2014)
- Anatomy & Physiology by Roses and Wilson
- Anatomy & physiology for nurses and allied health sciences by Indu Khurana. Arushi 2009
- Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, thirteen edition by Gerard J. Tortora, Bryan H. Derrickson
- September 2015
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