51112 Anatomy & Physiology (2)
The main purpose of this course is to enable a student understand the main anatomical structure and the physiological functioning of human body, its systems and organs. It also gives a brief introduction on the common disorders. Including: (Respiratory system; Digestive system; Urine system; Blood & Cardiovascular system and Lymphatic System)
- At the end of the course is to enable the student the main anatomical structure and the physiological functioning of human body and the brief introduction of common disorders of the:-
- Respiratory system
- 1. Name the respiratory structures and describe their functions.
- 2. Define nasal, sinus, pharynx, larynx and Name the tissue comprising the rigid support of the larynx.
- 3. Describe the structure function of the nasal cavity, nostril hairs and the epiglottis and vocal cords.
- 4. Describe the location, tissue make-up, and function of the trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli and diaphragm.
- 5. Define ventilation, inspiration, inhalation, exhalation, expiration and describe how gas exchange occurs between the alveoli and pulmonary capillaries and also explain how oxygen is transported throughout the body.
- 6. Define and describe some signs/ symptoms bronchitis, emphysema, pneumonia, asthma and list some causes
- Digestive system
- 1. Description of alimentary canal, the major functions and List the organs of the alimentary canal. Identify accessory digestive organs.
- 2. List and briefly describe the six functions of the digestive process. Define peristalsis and segmentation.
- 3. From the lumen outward, list the four layers (tunics) of the alimentary canal. Describe the following: - Mucosa: describe its typical epithelium, underlying connective tissue, and function. - Submucosa: describe the type of tissue and function - Muscularis: describe the type of tissue, arrangement, and function - Serosa: describe the type of tissue and function
- Urinary System
- 1. Describe the organs of the urinary system and State the vital function of the urinary system.
- 2. Describe the formation of urine, urinalysis and Identify the normal and abnormal constituents of urine.
- Cardiovascular system
- 1. Describe of the cardiovascular system components including the functions
- 2. To know of the pressure rate in the veins, arteries and capillaries
- 3. Describe the structure and function of each of the three layers of the heart wall.
- 4. Describe the structure and functions of the four heart chambers. Name each chamber and provide the name and general route of its associated great vessel(s). Name the heart valves and describe their location, function, and mechanism of operation.
- 5. Trace the pathway of blood through the heart and Name the major branches and describe the distribution of the coronary arteries.
- 6. Briefly describe the events of cardiac muscle cell contraction and Draw a diagram of a normal electrocardiogram tracing. Name the individual waves and intervals, and indicate what each represents
- 7. Describe normal heart sounds, and explain how heart murmurs differ and the timing and events of the cardiac cycle. The cardiac cycles is the sequence of events in one heartbeat and Name and explain the effects of various factors regulating stroke volume and heart rate
- Lymphatic system
- 1. List the structure and function of lymphatic system and describe the source of lymph and its transport
- 2. Describe lymph tissue and lymph nodes (locations structure & distribution and lymph vessels)
- 3. Name and describe other lymph organs in the body
Books for this Course
- Anatomy & Phsyiology (2) notes , Alas Hassan. & Walid (2014)
- Anatomy & Physiology by Roses and Wilson
- Anatomy & physiology for nurses and allied health sciences by Indu Khurana. Arushi 2009
- Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, thirteen edition by Gerard J. Tortora, Bryan H. Derrickson
- February 2016
- June 2016